Gran Turismo Sport: From “Roadrunner” to the primary GTS of the trendy period

For Porsche, the acronym “GTS” stands for an additional dose of sportiness on all fashions – each visually and by way of driving dynamics. The three stars that stand for Gran Turismo Sport entered the annals of Porsche historical past in 1964 when the 904 Carrera GTS gained the legendary Targa Florio. At this time’s GTS fashions, then again, weren’t impressed by a racing automobile, however by a luxurious SUV: the Porsche Cayenne.

Shortly after its profitable debut in 2002, the Hemmingen-based mannequin line was tasked with increasing the Cayenne vary. On the Porsche board’s want listing was a variant with improved driving traits that will match between the Cayenne S and Cayenne Turbo. Oliver Laqua, now total mission supervisor for Cayenne autos, labored as an idea engineer on the first-generation SUV, recognized internally because the E1, in 1998. In 2004, he was commissioned to design the Cayenne, which was significantly sporty. in each respect. The younger engineer went straight to work on the mission, codenamed “Roadrunner”. Laqua initially had in thoughts a very mild automobile. “We deliberate to put off the transmission field, as a result of that alone saved one other 80 kilograms of weight. And to additional cut back weight and make it extra emotional, we considered 4 racing bucket seats,” remembers Laqua.

Six-speed guide transmission and unique chassis setup

Nevertheless, the truth that the Roadrunner was provided solely in rear-wheel drive was met with little enthusiasm by the board, as had been the moderately impractical bucket seats. As for the facility transmission system, nevertheless, the designers bought their approach: a naturally aspirated V8 engine as an alternative of a turbocharged engine.

904 Carrera GTS (1963), Cayenne GTS Coupé, 2022, Porsche AG

A 904 Carrera GTS from 1963 subsequent to the present Cayenne GTS Coupé.

“Energy wasn’t the one factor that mattered on this mission; the automobile additionally needed to have an actual throttle,” says Laqua. With a revised and enlarged consumption system, the 4.8-liter engine’s output rose to 294 kW (405 hp), in comparison with 283 kW (385 hp) within the Cayenne Si. A six-speed guide transmission was additionally commonplace tools. . To additional improve agility, the axle ratio was shortened from 3.55:1 to 4.1:1. A six-speed Tiptronic S with sportier shift factors was obtainable as an choice. The suspension was specifically tuned for the GTS. For the primary time, the metal suspension was mixed with the damping system managed by Porsche Energetic Suspension Administration (PASM), an idea beforehand reserved for two-door sports activities automobiles.

High quality-tuning by World Rally Champion Walter Röhrl

To fine-tune the chassis techniques of the primary Cayenne technology, Porsche sought the recommendation of a two-time rallying world champion: Walter Röhrl put the E1 prototypes via the paces, together with on the legendary Nürburgring-Nordschleife and Arctic ice tracks. Circle. The abilities and expertise of the four-time winner of the Monte Carlo Rally had an incredible affect, particularly on the configuration of the four-wheel drive system. Röhrl was additionally concerned within the fine-tuning of the primary Cayenne GTS.

Walter Röhrl, Porsche Brand Ambassador, Cayenne GTS, 2022, Porsche AG

World rally champion Walter Röhrl on the wheel of the primary Cayenne GTS.

The Porsche Traction Administration (PTM) system didn’t require any adjustments within the design of the brand new mannequin. Engine energy was cut up between the rear and entrance axles in the usual configuration at a ratio of 62:38, with another energy ratio between 100:0 and 0:100 attainable with the assistance of an electronically managed multi-plate clutch. “If I would like sportiness from an all-wheel drive, I’ve to verify I all the time have all 4 wheels beneath management,” says Röhrl, who joined Porsche in 1993 as a check driver and now represents the corporate as a model ambassador. “It is not that one axle rotates quicker than the opposite. That is the place the middle differential and locking rear differential come to the rescue. In any other case, you lose all the facility of the unloaded wheel.”

Porsche Dynamic Chassis Management (PDCC) elevated the Cayenne’s driving dynamics potential. This physique roll stabilization system was obtainable as an choice with air suspension and PASM. Two lively sway bars interacted with hydraulic rotary motors to create counterforce to maintain the physique from rolling when cornering. “Physique roll is the most important downside in the case of driving dynamics,” says Röhrl, who celebrated his seventy fifth birthday through the Cayenne’s twentieth anniversary 12 months. “The load is then solely on the wheels on the surface of the bend. The inside wheels can then transmit much less energy; I’ve to stop it. Anti-roll stabilization was some of the essential improvements, interval; with it you may guarantee excellent dealing with of even tall autos.

Walter Röhrl, Porsche Brand Ambassador, Cayenne Turbo GT, 2022, Porsche AG

Porsche model ambassador Walter Röhrl – right here behind the wheel of the Cayenne Turbo GT – celebrated his seventy fifth birthday within the twentieth anniversary 12 months of the Cayenne.

Added to this was the considerably decrease journey peak of the brand new Cayenne mannequin. In comparison with the Cayenne S, floor clearance was lowered by 24 millimeters on variations with metal springs and by 20 mm on automobiles with non-obligatory air suspension. With the air suspension, the physique was lowered by one other 9 mm at a pace of 125 km/h and one other 5 mm at a pace of 210 km/h.

Sporty look, throaty sound

Additional visible proof of the mannequin’s concentrate on sporty driving traits are the massive air intakes and outstanding rear finish, primarily based on the Cayenne Turbo, with the wheel arches widened by 14mm to accommodate. 21 inch wheels with 295/35 tires. An prolonged roof spoiler with two wings may very well be put in as an extra tools on the rear. Black window surrounds, door handles and trim above the B- and C-pillars emphasised the sportiness of the brand new mannequin, as did the chrome twin tailpipes of the sports activities exhaust system. Their sound may very well be enhanced with the Sport button on the middle console. Urgent this button additionally modified the traits of the throttle, giving much more instant response from the V8. As an alternative of the initially designed bucket seats, the mannequin had 12-way electrically adjustable sports activities seats with raised aspect bolsters as commonplace tools.

Inspiration for all Porsche mannequin collection

The title is taken from the Porsche historical past books – the 928 GTS, which was discontinued in 1995 and which in flip was named after the Porsche 904 Carrera GTS of the Sixties. Historic fashions bearing the GTS suffix ‘Gran Turismo Sport’ embodied further sportiness with excellent long-distance driving traits. The idea featured the newcomer to the Cayenne portfolio and was an instantaneous bestseller. Impressed by the resounding success of the primary Cayenne GTS, different Porsche mannequin collection regularly expanded their vary to incorporate a GTS mannequin primarily based on the identical precept: barely extra engine energy, noticeably extra agile dealing with and a chic visible emphasis on enhanced sportiness. .

Taycan GTS, Cayenne GTS Coupé, Macan GTS, 718 Cayman GTS 4.0, Panamera GTS Sport Turismo, 911 Carrera 4 GTS, 2022, Porsche AG

Impressed by the resounding success of the primary Cayenne GTS, different Porsche mannequin collection regularly expanded their vary to incorporate a GTS mannequin primarily based on the identical ideas: barely extra engine energy, considerably extra agile dealing with and a chic visible emphasis on enhanced sportiness. .

From V8 to V6 – and again once more

The primary Cayenne GTS and its 298 kW (405 hp) V8 engine debuted on the IAA in Frankfurt in 2007, following the introduction of the SUV’s first mannequin replace (recognized internally because the E1 II). Shortly after, the Cayenne GTS PDE 3 appeared within the Porsche Design Version, restricted to 1,000 models, with a particular coloration scheme and an much more unique exterior and inside.

Cayenne GTS PDE 3, 2022, Porsche AG

The Cayenne GTS PDE 3 is a Porsche Design Version restricted to 1,000 autos with a particular coloration scheme and an much more unique exterior and inside.

The second technology of Cayenne GTS (E2) was introduced in 2012 in Beijing. The facility of the V8 elevated to 309 kW (420 hp), whereas the brand new GTS bundle in contrasting coloration provided significantly dynamic accents within the inside. Porsche switched to a V6 engine for the facelifted Cayenne GTS (E2 II) introduced in Los Angeles in 2014. In comparison with its predecessor, the biturbo engine produced an extra 20 hp and 85 Nm extra torque.

Cayenne GTS, 2022, Porsche AG

Within the second technology Cayenne GTS, the facility of the V8 engine elevated to 309 kW (420 hp).

Cayenne GTS, 2022, Porsche AG

With the second technology Cayenne mannequin replace, the GTS changed the V8 engine with a strong V6 engine.

With the present E3 technology, two Cayenne GTS variants had been launched in 2020: the Cayenne GTS and, for the primary time, the Cayenne GTS Coupé. Each autos boast spectacular cornering dynamics and proceed the success story of the Cayenne GTS fashions. GTS fashions geared up with the 4.0-liter V8 biturbo engine ship a throaty sound, 338 kW (460 hp; Cayenne GTS: gasoline consumption* mixed (WLTP) 14.1-13.3 l/100 km, CO₂ emissions* mixed (WLTP ) 319 – 301 g/km, gasoline consumption* mixed (NEDC) 11.4 – 11.2 l/100 km, CO₂ emissions* mixed (NEDC) 260 – 255 g/km; Cayenne GTS Coupé: gasoline consumption* mixed (WLTP) 14.0-13.3 l/100 km, CO₂ emissions* mixed (WLTP) 318-302 g/km, gasoline consumption* mixed (NEDC) 11.4-11.2 l/100 km, CO₂ emissions* mixed (NEDC ) 260-256 g/km) of energy and 620 Nm of torque. The game-tuned suspension and unique cabin really feel discovered on all GTS fashions are, in fact, commonplace. Its recognition amongst clients continues: in Europe and North America, round 10 p.c of all Cayenne clients selected the GTS mannequin in 2021, and within the dwelling market of Germany, the determine was even increased at 16 p.c.

20 years of Cayenne

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