UPSC Key-July 21, 2022: Why it is best to learn ‘Sport Integrity’ or ‘Image of Marriage’ or ‘Gender Socialisation’ for UPSC CSE

FRONT PAGE

New nationwide file holder amongst two athletes who fail dope check

Syllabus:

Preliminary Examination: Present occasions of nationwide and worldwide significance.

Mains Examination: Common Research IV: Human Values -lessons from the lives and teachings of nice leaders, reformers and directors; function of household society and academic establishments in inculcating values.

Key Factors to Ponder:

What’s the continuing story- With a few week to go for the Commonwealth Video games in Birmingham, two of India’s brightest monitor and subject athletes have failed dope checks.

• What’s Doping in sport?

• What medication are athletes not allowed to take?

• What’s integrity inside sport?

• What’s integrity and truthful play in sports activities?

• Why do athletes want integrity?

• The place is the headquarter of Athletics Integrity Unit?

• Rationality behind the formation of Athletics Integrity Unit?

For Your Data- The World Anti-Doping Company was established on account of a collaborative effort led by the Worldwide Olympic Committee (IOC). It was based on November 10, 1999, in Lausanne, Switzerland, in response to the “Declaration of Lausanne” to advertise, coordinate, and monitor the struggle in opposition to medication in sports activities.

• Differentiate between the Worldwide Conference Towards Doping in Sport and The World Anti-Doping Company

• The Nationwide Anti-Doping Company (NADA) and The World Anti-Doping Company-Examine and Distinction

• Commonwealth Video games-Know intimately

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📍Birmingham 2022: How the Commonwealth Video games had been born

📍‘Koi nhi hai takkar mein, kahan pade ho chakkar mein’: PM Modi’s mantra to Indian CWG-bound athletes

As international crude costs fall, Govt cuts windfall tax on gas exports

Syllabus:

Preliminary Examination: Financial and Social Growth

Fundamental Examination: Common Research III: Authorities Budgeting and Indian Financial system and points referring to planning, mobilisation, of sources, progress, improvement and employment

Key Factors to Ponder:

What’s the continuing story- With crude oil costs easing on the again of fears of an impending international recession, the Centre reduce just lately imposed cesses and levies on diesel and aviation turbine gas and eliminated the cess on exports of petrol efficient Wednesday.

• What precisely is crude oil?

• Elements that have an effect on benchmark pricing of crude oil?

• How world occasions can have an effect on crude oil costs?

• What’s cesses?

• What’s the distinction between levy and cess?

• Base worth, Further excise responsibility (or windfall tax), Central excise responsibility, State tax and Petrol Costs-Join the Dots

• Why States in India have totally different costs for Petrol and Diesel?

• Retail costs in India in comparison with international crude oil price-Know the fundamentals

• Forms of Cess levied in India-Know intimately

• Cess and Article 270 of the Structure- Join the Dots

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📍Defined: Why India has reduce windfall tax on diesel, aviation gas exports

IN PARLIAMENT

Gaganyaan abort mission this yr; photo voltaic, lunar missions in ’23

Syllabus:

Preliminary Examination: Present occasions of nationwide and worldwide significance.

Mains Examination: Common Research III: Consciousness within the fields of IT, House, Computer systems, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and points referring to mental property rights.

Key Factors to Ponder:

What’s the continuing story- The Indian House Analysis Organisation (ISRO) has set new deadlines for main missions, with its first photo voltaic mission and third lunar mission set to happen within the first quarter of subsequent 12 months.

• What’s the identify of ISRO first photo voltaic mission?

• What’s ISRO Aditya-L1?

• Mission Chandrayaan- Know the Background?

• Chandrayaan-1, Chandrayaan-2 and Chandrayaan-3-Examine and Distinction

• Why Chandrayaan-2 failed?

• What are the Challenges which had been confronted throughout Chandrayaan Mission?

• Know the importance and Significance of the Chandrayaan Mission

• Gaganyaan Mission-Know the important thing options

• Gaganyaan Mission-What makes this Mission very Distinctive?

• India’s Manned Mission to House-Know intimately

• Indian House Analysis Organisation (ISRO)-In regards to the Organisation

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📍Defined: Eyes on the Solar, how ISRO is making ready for its subsequent big leap in house

📍 Gaganyaan: Second unmanned mission deliberate in 2022-23 adopted by human spaceflight, says govt

📍Defined: What Chandrayaan-2 has despatched

EXPRESS NETWORK

Once more, SC attracts the purple line on misuse of energy to arrest

Syllabus:

Preliminary Examination: Indian Polity and Governance-Structure, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Coverage, Rights Points, and so forth.

Mains Examination: Common Research II: Construction, group and functioning of the Government and the Judiciary-Ministries and Departments of the Authorities; stress teams and formal/casual associations and their function within the Polity.

Key Factors to Ponder:

What’s the continuing story- By ruling that grant of bail by the Supreme Court docket will not be enough to safe private liberty of a person embroiled in a collection of instances, the Supreme Court docket, in granting bail Wednesday and clubbing the instances in opposition to Alt Information co-founder Mohammad Zubair, has prolonged a authorized protect to residents in opposition to the state initiating felony course of in a number of locations for a similar offence.

• The Supreme Court docket order acknowledged that the ever-greening of custody of an accused by a number of instances in several jurisdictions throughout states deprives him of his private liberty-Elaborate additional

For Your Data-In 2020, within the case of Arnab Goswami v Union of India, the place journalist Goswami confronted a number of hate speech instances for a similar incident, the Court docket emphasised the “have to strike a simply steadiness between the elemental rights of residents underneath Articles 19 and 21 and the expansive energy of the police to analyze a cognisable offence.”

• Mohammad Zubair Case and Noopur Sharma Case-Examine and Distinction with respect to Supreme Court docket’s stand on each the instances

• What’s the legislation on bail?

• What’s the UK legislation?

• What has the Supreme Court docket held on reforms?

• What’s Felony Justice System in India?

• What are the 5 levels of the felony justice system?

• Why There’s a Want for Reforms in felony justice system?

• Which committee is said to reforms in Felony Justice System of India (CJSI)?

• Know Malimath Committee’s Report intimately

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📍Alt Information’ Mohammed Zubair walks out of Tihar jail after SC grants him bail

📍FORTIFYING FREEDOM

EXPLAINED

What’s India’s legislation on abortion, and why has a pregnant single petitioner gone to Supreme Court docket in enchantment?

Syllabus:

Preliminary Examination: Indian Polity and Governance-Structure, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Coverage, Rights Points, and so forth.

Mains Examination: Common Research II: Construction, group and functioning of the Government and the Judiciary-Ministries and Departments of the Authorities; stress teams and formal/casual associations and their function within the Polity.

Key Factors to Ponder:

What’s the continuing story- A 25-year-old pregnant girl moved the Supreme Court docket on Tuesday (July 19) in search of an abortion after the Delhi Excessive Court docket declined her plea final week. The lady has additionally challenged Rule 3B of the Medical Termination of Being pregnant Guidelines, 2003, which permits just some classes of ladies to hunt termination of being pregnant between 20 and 24 weeks.

• What’s the case about?

• What was the Delhi HC’s choice?

• What’s India’s legislation on abortion?

• Why does the laws have this hole?

• The Medical Termination of Being pregnant Act, 1971 and The brand new Medical Termination of Being pregnant (Modification) Act 2021-Examine and Distinction

• Medical Termination of Being pregnant (Modification) Act 2021-Know the important thing provisions

• What’s ‘Gestation’?

• Significance and significance of Medical Termination of Being pregnant (Modification) Act 2021?

• Points and Challenges related to Medical Termination of Being pregnant (Modification) Act 2021?

• The constitutional proper of ladies to make reproductive decisions in India-Know Supreme courtroom of India’s verdict

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📍UPSC ethics simplified: abortion rights vs ethics

📍From Roe v Wade to civil rights instances in India, the concept of dignity

ANEURYSM

Syllabus:

Preliminary Examination: Common Science.

Key Factors to Ponder:

What’s the continuing story- Actor Emilia Clarke, who performed the function Daenerys Targaryen within the collection Sport of Thrones, just lately informed BBC One in an interview that she had suffered two mind aneurysms whereas filming for the collection, in 2011 and 2013.

• What’s Aneurysm?

• What Are the Forms of Aneurysms?

• What Causes an Aneurysm?

• How Is an Aneurysm Recognized?

• How Is an Aneurysm Handled?

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📍Emilia Clarke opens up about dropping ‘fairly a bit’ of her mind following aneurysm; know what it means

Europe heatwave: quite a lot of causes, local weather change most worrying

Syllabus:

Preliminary Examination: Indian and World Geography-Bodily, Social, Financial Geography of India and the World.

Mains Examination: Common Research I: Vital Geophysical phenomena resembling earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic exercise, cyclone and so forth., geographical options and their location-changes in essential geographical options (together with water-bodies and ice-caps) and in natural world and the results of such adjustments.

Key Factors to Ponder:

What’s the continuing story- An awfully sizzling summer time in Europe crossed one other peak on Tuesday with some locations in Britain recording temperatures above 40°C, the primary time anywhere in the UK had breached this mark.

• Why is it so sizzling?

• Can Local weather change alone does totally clarify the record-breaking temperatures being seen in Europe?

• In accordance with consultants, these sorts of unprecedented excessive temperatures are often a results of some uncommon mixtures which intensify the already excessive baselines induced by local weather change-Know that ‘Uncommon Mixture’ in current situation?

• What’s warmth wave?

• What’s criterion for declaring warmth wave?

• International warming and Warmth waves in Europe-Join the dots

• Apart from international warming, what are the opposite components, that will make Europe a warmth wave sizzling spot?

• “Cutoff low” and Warmth wave-connect the dots

• ‘Some research discovered that warmth waves in Europe had elevated in frequency and depth over the previous 4 many years, and linked the rise no less than partially to adjustments within the jet stream’-Elaborate

• World’s main ocean currents-Know their names

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📍Why Europe is changing into a warmth wave sizzling spot

THE EDITORIAL PAGE

Gender of establishments

Syllabus:

Preliminary Examination: Financial and Social Growth-Sustainable Growth, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, and so forth.

Mains Examination: Common Research II: Social empowerment

Key Factors to Ponder:

What’s the continuing story- Sanjay Srivastava writes: The gender of establishments – courts, bureaucracies, faculties, civic associations – will not be a lot mentioned and but, it’s elementary to each the circulation of concepts about ladies, males and people of different genders.

• In accordance with the Writer, there have been two latest incidence which makes us assume the peculiar nature of gender relations in a time of accelerating public visibility of women-What are these two incidence?

• What had been the observations made by the Madras Excessive Court docket with regard to a logo of marriage the “Mangalsutra”?

• “The Madras Excessive Court docket famous that the removing of the mangalsutra by the lady from her physique amounted to “psychological cruelty” in the direction of her husband”-Critically analyse

• In accordance with the Writer, “The connection between a society and its establishments is a peculiar one”-Remark additional on this assertion

• What’s ‘gender-neutral’?

• How do social establishments have an effect on gender?

• How gender is embedded in a social establishment?

• What are some examples of social establishments that contribute to gender socialization?

• How is gender socially constructed?

• How are gender roles bolstered in society?

• What’s Gender socialisation?

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📍In 2022, let’s create gender-positive studying areas

 

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